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                                                                    HOW TO QUIT SMOKING – …????            FEW TIPS…!!!

Nicotine is one of the most harmful and widely available legal drugs in the world. It’s addictive and harmful both to smokers and the people passively exposed to smoke, especially children. If you’d like to give up smoking, but don’t know where to begin, create a structured plan. Realize why you want to quit, prepare for success, and carry out your plan with the support of others or medication therapy. Quitting smoking is difficult, but not impossible.

 

Think about if you want to quit smoking. Nicotine is incredibly addictive and it will take determination to quit. Ask yourself if a life without smoking is more appealing than continuing your life as a smoker. If the answer is yes, have a clear reason for wanting to quit. This way, when abstaining becomes difficult you can be clear about your very important reason to quit.

  • Consider how smoking affects these areas of your life: your health, your appearance, your lifestyle, and your loved ones. Ask yourself if these areas would benefit from you quitting.

Determine why you want to quit. Make a list of all the reasons you want to quit. This will help you become clear about your decision to quit. You’ll want to refer to this list later, if you’re tempted to smoke.

  • For example, your list might say something like: I want to quit smoking so I can run and keep up with my son during soccer practice, have more energy, be alive to see my youngest grandchild get married, or save money.
  •  

Be prepared for nicotine-withdrawal symptoms. Cigarettes are highly effective at delivering nicotine throughout your body. When you stop smoking, you might experience increased cravings, anxiety, depression, headaches, feeling tense or restless, increased appetite and weight gain, and problems concentrating.

  • Realize that it may take more than one attempt to stop smoking. About 45 million Americans use some form of nicotine, and only 5 percent of users are able to quit during their first attempt.

Choose a date for when your plan will start. Committing to a start date adds structure to your plan. For example you might choose an important day such as a birthday or holiday, or just pick a date you like.

  • Pick a date within the next 2 weeks. This gives you time to prepare and start on a day that isn’t stressful, important, would otherwise lead you to smoke.


Pick a method.
 Decide which method you would want to use, like quitting cold turkey, or slowing/reducing your use. Quitting cold turkey means that you completely stop smoking without looking back. Reducing your use means smoking less and less until you’ve stopped. If you pick reducing your means, be specific about when and by how much you will reduce your use. For example, it might be simple like saying, “I will reduce my use by one cigarette every two days.”

  • You’ll have a better chance of success if you combine counseling and medication with stopping, regardless of which method you choose.

Prepare for cravings. Have a plan in advance for when cravings strike. You might try hand-to-mouth. This describes the action of moving your hand to your mouth for smoking. Have a replacement to fulfill this need. Try snacking on low-calorie snacks, like raisins, popcorn, or pretzels, when this urge comes up.

  • You might try exercising to combat cravings. Go for a walk, clean the kitchen, or do some yoga. You might also try to control your impulses by squeezing a stress ball or chewing gum when cravings hit.

Prepare the night before quitting. Wash your bedding and clothes to get rid of cigarette smells. You should also get rid of any ashtrays, cigarettes, and lighters from your house. Make sure to get plenty of sleep, since this will help lower your stress.

  • Remind yourself of your plan and carry a written version with you, or keep it on your phone. You may also want to re-read the list of reasons why you want to quit.

Ask for support. Your family and friends can be extra support in your cessation journey. Let them know your goal and ask them to help you by not smoking around you or offering you a cigarette. You can also ask for their encouragement and to remind you of your specific goals when temptation is difficult.

  • Remember to take quitting one day at a time. Remind yourself that this is a process and not an event.

Know your triggers. Many people find that certain situations trigger the desire to smoke. You might want a cigarette with your cup of coffee, for instance, or you might want to smoke when you’re trying to solve a problem at work. Identify places where it may be difficult not to smoke and have a plan of what you’ll do in those specific places. For example, you should have an automatic response for a cigarette offer: “No thank you, but I will have another tea” or “ No – I am trying to quit.”

  • Control stress. Stress can be a pitfall when trying to quit smoking. Use techniques such as deep breathing, exercise, and down time to help thwart stress.

Be committed to not smoking. Continue your plan even if you have bumps in the road. If you have a relapse and smoke for an entire day, be sure to be gentle and forgiving with yourself. Accept that the day was tough, remind yourself that quitting is a long, hard journey, and get back on your plan the next day.

  • Try to avoid relapsing as much as possible. But if you do, recommit as soon as you can to quitting smoking. Learn from your experience and try to cope better in the future

Consider using e-cigarettes. Recent studies have suggested that using e-cigarettes while you quit smoking can help you reduce or quit smoking. Other studies recommend caution when using e-cigarettes since the amount of nicotine varies, the same chemicals as those in cigarettes are still being delivered, and they may re-activate the habit of smoking.

Get professional help. Behavioral therapy combined with medication therapy can improve your chances of successfully quitting. If you’ve tried quitting on your own and are still struggling, think about getting professional help. Your doctor can talk to you about medication therapy.

  • Therapists can also help you through the process of quitting. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy can help change your thoughts and attitudes about smoking. Therapists can also teach coping skills or new ways to think about quitting.

Take Bupropion. This medication doesn’t actually have nicotine, but it does help reduce the symptoms of nicotine withdrawal. Bupropion could increase your chances of cessation by 69 percent.]Usually, you’ll want to start taking bupropion 1 to 2 weeks before you stop smoking. It’s normally prescribed in one or two 150mg tablets per day.

  • Side effects include: dry mouth, difficulty sleeping, agitation, irritability, tiredness, indigestion and headaches as side effects.

Use Chantix. This medication curbs nicotine receptors in the brain, which makes smoking less pleasurable. It also reduces withdrawal symptoms. You should start taking Chantix one week before quitting. Be sure to take it with meals. Take Chantix for 12 weeks. Side effects include: headaches, nausea, vomiting, trouble sleeping, unusual dreams, gas, and changes in taste.] But it could double your chances of quitting.

  • Your doctor will have you increase your dose over time. For example, you’ll take one 0.5mg pill for days 1-3. Then you’ll take one 0.5mg pill twice a day for days 4-7. You’ll take one 1 mg pill twice per day after that.

nicotine replacement therapy (NRT). NRT includes all types of patches, gums, lozenges, nasal sprays, inhalers or sublingual tablets that have and deliver nicotine into the body. You don’t need a prescription for NRT and it can reduce cravings and withdrawal symptoms. NRT could increase your chances of quitting by 60 percent.

  • Side effects of NRT include: nightmares, insomnia, and skin irritation for patches; mouth soreness, difficult breathing, hiccups, and jaw pain for gum; mouth and throat irritation and coughing for nicotine inhalers; throat irritation and hiccups for nicotine lozenge; and throat and nasal irritation as well as runny nose if the nasal spray is used.

Tips

  • Take a new hobby up so that you are distracted and not as tempted to smoke.
  • Reduce your caffeine intake. When you cease smoking your body processes caffeine twice as efficiently, resulting in sleepless nights unless your intake is reduced.
  • Try a simple auto-suggestion: “I do not smoke. I cannot smoke. I will not smoke”, and while you are saying it, think of something else to do.
  • Consider whether you also have a psychological addiction to smoking. Most people who have smoked for very long do. If you have ever quit for three days or more, and then gone back to smoking, you are most likely psychologically dependent. Explore psychological/behavioral smoking cessation programs designed to eliminate triggers and urge to smoke.
  • Avoid being around people that smoke or situations that remind you of smoking.
  • If you do fail, never be disheartened; use this attempt as a practice so you’re better prepared for the next try.

Warnings

  • Taking any smoking cessation drugs can be dangerous, always seek help from a doctor before taking such drugs.
  • If you are considering using a nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) product like nicotine patches, nicotine gum, or nicotine sprays or inhalers, be warned that they are also addictive.

 

                         Early History of TOBACCO.

Tobacco had already long been used in the Americas by the time European settlers arrived and introduced the practice to Europe, where it became popular. At high doses, tobacco can become hallucinogenic; accordingly, Native Americans did not always use the drug recreationally. Instead, it was often consumed as an entheogen; among some tribes, this was done only by experienced shamans or medicine men. Eastern North American tribes would carry large amounts of tobacco in pouches as a readily accepted trade item and would often smoke it inpipes, either in defined ceremonies that were considered sacred, or to seal a bargain, and they would smoke it at such occasions in all stages of life, even in childhood. It was believed that tobacco was a gift from the Creator and that the exhaled tobacco smoke was capable of carrying one’s thoughts and prayers to heaven.
Apart from smoking, tobacco had a number of uses as medicine. As a pain killer it was used for earache and toothache and occasionally as a poultice. Smoking was said by the desert Indians to be a cure for colds, especially if the tobacco was mixed with the leaves of the small desert sage, Salvia dorrii, or the root of Indian balsam or cough root, Leptotaenia multifida, the addition of which was thought to be particularly good for asthma and tuberculosis. Uncured tobacco was often eaten, used in enemas, or drunk as extracted juice. Early missionaries often reported on the ecstatic state caused by tobacco. As its use spread into Western cultures, however, it was no longer used primarily for entheogenic or religious purposes, although religious use of tobacco is still common among many indigenous peoples, particularly in the Americas. Among the Cree and Ojibway of Canada and the north-central United States, it is offered to the Creator, with prayers, and is used in sweat lodges, pipe ceremonies, smudging, and is presented as a gift. A gift of tobacco is tradition when asking an Ojibway elder a question of a spiritual nature. Because of its sacred nature, tobacco abuse (thoughtlessly and addictively chain smoking) is seriously frowned upon by the Algonquian tribes of Canada, as it is believed that if one so abuses the plant, it will abuse that person in return, causing sickness. The proper and traditional native way of offering the smoke is said to involve directing it toward the four cardinal points (north, south, east, and west), rather than holding it deeply within the lungs for prolonged periods.
European discovery
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The earliest image of a man smoking a pipe, from Tabaco by Anthony Chute.
Las Casas vividly described how the first scouts sent by Columbus into the interior of Cuba found
men with half-burned wood in their hands and certain herbs to take their smokes, which are some dry herbs put in a certain leaf, also dry, like those the boys make on the day of the Passover of the Holy Ghost; and having lighted one part of it, by the other they suck, absorb, or receive that smoke inside with the breath, by which they become benumbed and almost drunk, and so it is said they do not feel fatigue. These, muskets as we will call them, they call tabacos. I knew Spaniards on this island of Española who were accustomed to take it, and being reprimanded for it, by telling them it was a vice, they replied they were unable to cease using it. I do not know what relish or benefit they found in it.
Rodrigo de Jerez was one of the Spanish crewmen who sailed to the Americas on the Santa Maria as part of Christopher Columbus’s first voyage across the Atlantic Ocean in 1492. He is credited with being the first European smoker.
Following the arrival of Europeans, tobacco became one of the primary products fueling colonization, and also became a driving factor in the incorporation of African slave labor. The Spanish introduced tobacco to Europeans in about 1528, and by 1533, Diego Columbus mentioned a tobacco merchant of Lisbon in his will, showing how quickly the traffic had sprung up. Nicot, French ambassador in Lisbon, sent samples to Paris in 1559. The French, Spanish, and Portuguese initially referred to the plant as the “sacred herb” because of its valuable medicinal properties.[7] In 1571, a Spanish doctor named Nicolas Monardes wrote a book about the history of medicinal plants of the new world. In this he claimed that tobacco could cure 36 health problems.

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Sir Walter Raleigh introduced “Virginia tobacco into England.

Raleigh’s First Pipe in England”, included in Frederick William Fairholt’s Tobacco, its history and associations.
Sir Walter Raleigh is credited with taking the first “Virginia” tobacco to Europe, referring to it as tobah as early as 1578.
In 1595 Anthony Chute published Tabaco, which repeated earlier arguments about the benefits of the plant and emphasised the health-giving properties of pipe-smoking.
The importation of tobacco into Europe was not without resistance and controversy in the 17th century. Stuart King James I wrote a famous polemic titled A Counterblaste to Tobacco in 1604, in which the king denounced tobacco use as “[a] custome lothsome to the eye, hatefull to the Nose, harmefull to the braine, dangerous to the Lungs, and in the blacke stinking fume thereof, neerest resembling the horrible Stigian smoke of the pit that is bottomelesse.” In that same year, an English statute was enacted that placed a heavy protective tariff on every pound of tobacco brought into England.
The Japanese were introduced to tobacco by Portuguese sailors from 1542.
Tobacco first arrived in the Ottoman Empire in the late 16th century, where it attracted the attention of doctor and became a commonly prescribed medicine for many ailments. Although tobacco was initially prescribed as medicine, further study led to claims that smoking caused dizziness, fatigue, dulling of the senses, and a foul taste/odour in the mouth.

A tobacco plantation in Queensland, in 1933.
Sultan Murad IV banned smoking in the Ottoman Empire in 1633, and the offense was punishable by death.[13] When the ban was lifted by his successor, Ibrahim the Mad, it was instead taxed. In 1682, Damascene jurist Abd al-Ghani al-Nabulsi declared: “Tobacco has now become extremely famous in all the countries of Islam … People of all kinds have used it and devoted themselves to it … I have even seen young children of about five years applying themselves to it.”[14] In 1750, a Damascene townsmen observed “a number of women greater than the men, sitting along the bank of the Barada River. They were eating and drinking, and drinking coffee and smoking tobacco just as the men were doing.”
Tobacco smoking first reached Australian shores when it was introduced to northern-dwelling Indigenous communities by visiting Indonesian fishermenin the early 18th century. British patterns of tobacco use were transported to Australia along with the new settlers in 1788; and in the years following colonisation, British smoking behaviour was rapidly adopted by Indigenous people as well. By the early 19th century tobacco was an essential commodity routinely issued to servants, prisoners and ticket-of-leave men (conditionally released convicts) as an inducement to work, or conversely, withheld as a means of punishment.[15]
Plantations in Virginia

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This 1670 painting shows enslavedAfricans working in the tobacco sheds of a colonial tobacco plantation.
See also: Tobacco in the American Colonies
In 1609, English colonist John Rolfe arrived at Jamestown, Virginia, and became the first settler to successfully raise tobacco (commonly referred to at that time as “brown gold”) for commercial use. The tobacco raised in Virginia at that time, Nicotiana rustica, did not suit European tastes, but Rolfe raised a more popular variety, Nicotiana tabacum, from seeds brought with him from Bermuda. Tobacco was used as currency by the Virginia settlers for years, and Rolfe was able to make his fortune in farming it for export at Varina Farms Plantation.
When he left for England with his wife, Pocahontas a daughter of Chief Powhatan, he had become wealthy. Returning to Jamestown, following Pocahontas’ death in England, Rolfe continued in his efforts to improve the quality of commercial tobacco, and, by 1620, 40,000 pounds (18,000 kg) of tobacco were shipped to England. By the time John Rolfe died in 1622, Jamestown was thriving as a producer of tobacco, and its population had topped 4,000. Tobacco led to the importation of the colony’s first black slaves in 1619. In the year 1616, 2,500 pounds (1,100 kg) of tobacco were produced in Jamestown, Virginia, quickly rising up to 119,000 pounds (54,000 kg) in 1620.
Throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, tobacco continued to be the cash crop of the Virginia Colony, as well as The Carolinas. Large tobacco warehouses filled the areas near the wharves of new, thriving towns such as Dumfries on the Potomac, Richmond and Manchester at the fall line (head of navigation) on the James, and Petersburg on the Appomattox.
Modern history

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A historian of the American South in the late 1860s reported on typical usage in the region where it was grown:
The chewing of tobacco was well-nigh universal. This habit had been widespread among the agricultural population of America both North and South before the war. Soldiers had found the quid a solace in the field and continued to revolve it in their mouths upon returning to their homes. Out of doors where his life was principally led the chewer spat upon his lands without offence to other men, and his homes and public buildings were supplied with spittoons. Brown and yellow parabolas were projected to right and left toward these receivers, but very often without the careful aim which made for clean living. Even the pews of fashionable churches were likely to contain these familiar conveniences. The large numbers of Southern men, and these were of the better class (officers in the Confederate army and planters, worth $20,000 or more, and barred from general amnesty) who presented themselves for the pardon of President Johnson, while they sat awaiting his pleasure in the ante-room at the White House, covered its floor with pools and rivulets of their spittle. An observant traveller in the South in 1865 said that in his belief seven-tenths of all persons above the age of twelve years, both male and female, used tobacco in some form. Women could be seen at the doors of their cabins in their bare feet, in their dirty one-piece cotton garments, their chairs tipped back, smoking pipes made of corn cobs into which were fitted reed stems or goose quills. Boys of eight or nine years of age and half-grown girls smoked. Women and girls “dipped” in their houses, on their porches, in the public parlors of hotels and in the streets.
Until 1883, tobacco excise tax accounted for one third of internal revenue collected by the United States government. Internal Revenue Service data for 1879-80 show total tobacco tax receipts of $38.9 million, out of total receipts of $116.8 million.[18] Following the American Civil War, the tobacco industry struggled as it attempted to adapt. Not only did the labor force change from slavery to sharecropping, but a change in demand also occurred. As in Europe, there was a desire for not only snuff, pipes and cigars, but cigarettes appeared as well.
With a change in demand and a change in labor force, James Bonsack, an avid craftsman, in 1881 created a machine that revolutionized cigarette production. The machine chopped the tobacco, then dropped a certain amount of the tobacco into a long tube of paper, which the machine would then roll and push out the end where it would be sliced by the machine into individual cigarettes. This machine operated at thirteen times the speed of a human cigarette roller.[19]
This caused an enormous growth in the tobacco industry, that lasted well into the 20th century, until the scientific revelations discovering health consequences of smoking,[20] and tobacco companies adding chemical additives were revealed.
In the United States, The Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act (Tobacco Control Act) became law in 2009. It gave the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) the authority to regulate the manufacture, distribution, and marketing of tobacco products to protect public health.

FROM THE DAY ONE                                                                                         DOWNLOADING TOWARDS NEXT GENERATION
     
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3333333333333333333                                           LETS CRY FOR OUR NATION & FOR OUR LOVED ONCE …………
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  • BHUTAN become the only Country to place an outright ban on smoking and other use of Tobacco..in 2005 ……but cigarette remained widely available on the black market….So at the start of 2011 the Country began enforcing the ………….TOBACCO CONTROL ACT…… STOP SELLING……!!!

THE WORLDS 1 st SMOKE FREE COUNTRY…BHUTAN….Now…. you decide….for a SMOKE FREE….INDIA ..!!!

Violators will be fined $ 232 which is more than their 2 months salary in Bhutan….

IF YOU CANT GET IT ….YOU CANT SMOKE IT…..!!!!

Many of the public reacted… Many of them are upset with the harshness of the new restriction….

Online forums are full of grumblings about the logic & logistic of the law…..BUT STILL…GOOD LUCK FOR NEXT GENERATION.

  •  Where can I get anti-smoking posters anti-tobacco educational materials?

The best people to call for free anti-smoking posters in your city will likely be the tobacco coordinator at the specified District…or State.

Second, free brochures and tobacco prevention posters are available from your local branches of the KYTE ,

Always ask to speak to the person assigned to tobacco control.

Operations will start efficiently from May 31st 2014.Till then we will update shortly…

In some States, distribution of posters may be limited to schools and institutions.

Another great tobacco prevention resource is to invite our Councilor, Volunteer to be part of assembly program at your school.

At this point of time, we have a staffing crunch to answer all your quarries personally….

We are now working to become better funded, and ask for your patience, to read on.

Get the Monthly Anti-Tobacco News

Receive current tobacco stories in today’s news, Monthly!

Subscribe to your topic of interest: second hand smoke, teen smoking, quitting, news by State, etc.

Subscribers can receive a copy of our KYTE magazine followed by ID. Conditions apply.

We recommend that you subscribe annually, unless you enjoy lots of reading. There is a great deal of tobacco news month.

KYTE Volunteering

Those who wish to speak to youth at schools should work through the local branches of the above groups. It’s also important to video your live talks, so that your current video may later be previewed by schools.

One of our Foundation’s planned programs is to create a speakers bureau for speakers specializing in tobacco education. We are now working within our movement for more of this important form of education.

You can send us awareness documentary which can be shown to students during review & counseling..

Quit smoking as Smoking Kills

If you are quitting smoking, or know someone who would like to, please forward them.

Never make a Smoker feel so bad.

If a person smokes near you in the public place where smoking is banned, smile, give them an honest complement.

What to do when smoking is banned, but smokers are still lighting up…

Here’s a suggestion,

If smoke troubles you in a public place where the law bans smoking.Sprinkle a warm smile and give the smoker a honest complement.

After they respond, politely ask them if they would mind smoking outside.

Downloading Message from….Institute for Studies in Industrial Development /Narendra Niketan, I P Estate /New Delhi 110002 /June 2004

SUICIDE FACTORY

SUICIDE FACTORY

SUICIDE FACTORY

SUICIDE FACTORY

SUICIDE FACTORY

SUICIDE FACTORY

India is the world’s second largest producer of tobacco. Endowed with rich
agro-climatic attributes such as fertile soils, rainfall and ample sunshine,
India produces various types of tobacco. Currently, Indian tobacco is
exported to more than 80 countries spread over all the continents. A few of
the top multinationals such as British American Tobacco (BAT),
Philip Morris, RJ Reynolds, Seita, Imperials, Reemtsma etc. and many
companies with government monopoly all over the world import Indian
tobacco either directly or indirectly. The Indian market for tobacco products,
however, has some characteristics rather different from most other markets.
India has a large, highly integrated tobacco industry, involving the growing of
a range of leaf types, the manufacture of different tobacco products,
including unprocessed and chewing tobacco, and an extensive distribution
and retail system. Over the years, a combination of strong prices, domestic
consumption, good export demand for tobacco and low prices of other crops
helped the growth of tobacco from a cash crop to a manufacturing industry
linked with commercial considerations.
The tobacco industry in India includes the production, distribution and
consumption of (i) leaf tobacco, (ii) smoking products such as cigarettes and
beedis and (iii) various chewing tobacco products. It presents policy-makers
with an unenviable dilemma. On the one hand, it is a robust and largely
irrigation-independent crop, provides substantial employment, has significant
export potential and most importantly, is a source of ever-growing tax
revenues. On the other, there are public health concerns about the effects of
smoking and consumer-led lobbies asking for more controls on cigarette
sales, smoking and advertising. In spite of its proven adverse implications for
public health, the industry continues to be supported in many quarters on the
grounds of its contribution to employment and national production. The
organized sector of the industry, dominated by multinational corporations, is
at the forefront of canvassing support for the sector….will share more ……soon….

 

DOWNLOADED FROM INDIAN MIRROR

Indian Tobacco and tobacco products earn a whopping annual sum of about Rs.10271 crores to the national exchequer by the way of excise revenue, and Rs.2022 Crores (2006-07) by way of foreign exchange. In India the per capita consumption of cigarettes is merely a tenth of the world average. The unique tobacco consumption pattern is the combination of tradition and more essentially the tax imposed on cigarettes. Cigarette smokers pay almost 85% of the total tax revenues generated from tobacco.

 Brief Introduction

After China, India is the second largest producer of tobacco in the world. India has produced 572 m kgs of tobacco in 2003. However, India today holds a meager 0.7% share of the US$ 30 bn global trade in tobacco, with cigarettes contributing for 85% of the country’s total tobacco exports. Of the total tobacco produced in the country, around 48% is consumed in the form of chewing tobacco, 38% as bidis, and 14% as cigarettes. Today India’s per capita consumption of cigarettes in India is a tenth of the world average.

India has witnessed an unexpected increase in its tobacco exports, which has escalated by 55% to reach at $169 million in first quarter of 2008/09. Many big companies all around the world are showing their interest in purchasing tobacco at higher quantities from India and thanks to which the country’s 2008-09 exports touced the mark of $600 million, which is 19% more than from $503 million of previous year. Indian exports have shown tremendous record at $169 million, which was $109 million in the same period a year ago. The biggest player in India Tobacco industry is ITC with a market share of 72%. Although it has been said that cigarette smoking is injurious to health but still, there is an increasing in the profit margin of the Indian Tobacco Company. With its wide range of invaluable brands, it leads from the front in every segment of the market. It’s highly popular and highly consumed list of brands include Insignia, India Kings, Classic, Gold Flake, Silk Cut, Navy Cut, Scissors, Capstan, Berkeley, Bristol and Flake.

ITC has been able to reach the top position because of its single minded focus on value creation for the consumers via it’s significant investments in product design, innovation, manufacturing technology, quality, marketing and distribution. ITC’s cigarettes are produced in the state of factories which are situated at Bangalore, Munger, Saharanpur and Kolkata. These factories are known for their extremely high levels of quality, contemporary technology and work environment.

 Market Capitalization 

The Indian tobacco market generated total revenues of $9.9 billion in 2007, it represents a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 6.6% for the five-year period spanning 2003-2007.

ITC is the leading companies in the Indian tobacco market, holding a 72% share of the market’s volume. Godfrey Philips accounts for a further 12% of the market’s volume.

 Size of the industry

India is exporting tobacco today to 80 nations which is over all the continents in the world. At present the Indian Tobacco Industry is providing livelihood to more that 25 million people in the country. From the total tobacco items exported from India, the unmanufactured tobacco shares around 80 % to 85 % of the total exports while the manufactured tobacco products hold around nearly 20 % to 25 %. In the unmanufactured tobacco exports, Flue Cured Virginia tobacco accounts nearly 75 % to 80 % export. The other varieties are- Burley, HDBRG, Natu, DWFC, Top leaf and Jutty are also exported which are used in making cigarettes. Non cigarette tobacco exported worldwide is Lalchopadia, Judi, and Rustica are used for chewing and making bidis. Around 8 % to 10 % non- cigarette tobacco is exported in throughout the world. According to the international trends, non cigarette tobaccos are the dominating item in the national export. According to the current situation in the international tobacco market India is proved to emerge out as the favorable market for the Indian tobacco export. The prices of Brazilian export have almost equalized the most expensive American tobacco cost. Zimbabwean farm prices have also seen an upward trend. There are several advantages which can be put forth for favoring the Indian tobacco. Like low unit production cost, average export prices of tobacco in India, which are found more competitive than that of the prices of Brazil, USA, Zimbabwe.

India is one of the major producers of tobacco in the world – ranking third with a production of about 600,000 tonnes, after China (3,000,000 tonnes) and USA (700,000 tonnes). India is the fourth largest consumer of tobacco in the world. Many types of tobaccos are grown in India (not all are used for cigarettes).

 Domestic and Export Share

Indian Tobacco Industry’s exports are likely to touch Rs. 16,050 million towards the end of current fiscal from Rs. about Rs. 15060.20 million in last fiscal as its growers are set to export more than 60% of their produce in view of domestic tobacco’s rising demand in countries like Russia, Vietnam, U.K., Germany and Belgium.

The estimates made by the Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM) on Prospects of Tobacco to Exports for Current Fiscal, emphasizing that domestic tobacco sector in the past few years has come out of recession, the impact of which would be favorable and amount to higher tobacco exports.

 Top leading Companies

  • Kanhayya Tobacco Company
  • M.R Tobacco
  • Sapna Enterprises
  • Sudarshan Tobacco
  • ITC Company

 Employment opportunities

In the Indian Tobacco Company scenario there are a few more tobacco companies. These are the other Indian tobacco Companies which have made a name in the market, but are no way close to ITC. India is the third largest producer and eighth largest exporter of tobacco and tobacco products in the world which goes to show the tremendous success that the Indian Tobacco Company has achieved. While India’s share in the world’s area under tobacco crop has risen from 9% to 11% in the last 3 decades, its share in production has inched up from 8% to 9% in the tobacco industry. The major portion (80%) of raw tobacco production in the Indian Tobacco Company scenario comes from Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat and Karnataka.

 Latest developments

  • India is the second- largest producer of tobacco after China in the World. However, it holds a meagre 0.7 % share of the $30-billion global trade in tobacco.
  • Cigarettes account for 85 %of the country’s total tobacco exports.
  • Of the total tobacco produced in the country, around 48. 5% is consumed in the form of chewing tobacco, 38 % as bidis, and 14 % as cigarettes.
  • The per capita consumption of cigarettes in India is a tenth of the world average.
  • In the recent past, the consumption of tobacco has been reduced by anti-tobacco drives and the ban of consumption in public areas.
  • The biggest player in this industry is ITC with a market share of 72%.

 

WAIT…..

World No Tobacco Day – 31 May 2014

Raise taxes on tobacco

The global tobacco epidemic kills nearly 6 million people each year, of which more than 600 000 are non-smokers dying from breathing second-hand smoke. Unless we act, the epidemic will kill more than 8 million people every year by 2030. More than 80% of these preventable deaths will be among people living in low-and middle-income countries.

For World No Tobacco Day 2014, WHO and partners call on countries to raise taxes on tobacco.

Reduce tobacco consumption, save lives

Under the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC), countries should implement tax and price policies on tobacco products as a way to reduce tobacco consumption. Research shows that higher taxes are especially effective in reducing tobacco use among lower-income groups and in preventing young people from starting to smoke. A tax increase that increases tobacco prices by 10% decreases tobacco consumption by about 4% in high-income countries and by up to 8% in most low- and middle-income countries.

Furthermore, increasing excise taxes on tobacco is considered to be the most cost-effective tobacco control measure. The World Health Report 2010 indicated that a 50% increase in tobacco excise taxes would generate a little more than US$ 1.4 billion in additional funds in 22 low-income countries. If allocated to health, government health spending in these countries could increase by up to 50%.

Goals

The ultimate goal of World No Tobacco Day is to contribute to protecting present and future generations not only from the devastating health consequences due to tobacco, but also from the social, environmental and economic scourges of tobacco use and exposure to tobacco smoke.

Specific goals of the 2014 campaign are that:

  • governments increase taxes on tobacco to levels that reduce tobacco consumption;
  • individuals and civil society organizations encourage their governments to increase taxes on tobacco to levels that reduce consumption.

Every year, on 31 May, WHO and partners everywhere mark World No Tobacco Day, highlighting the health risks associated with tobacco use and advocating for effective policies to reduce tobacco consumption. Tobacco use is the single most preventable cause of death globally and is currently responsible for 10% of adult deaths worldwide.

Tobacco

Fact sheet N°339
Updated May 2014 From WHO….


Key facts

  • Tobacco kills up to half of its users.
  • Tobacco kills nearly 6 million people each year. More than five million of those deaths are the result of direct tobacco use while more than 600 000 are the result of non-smokers being exposed to second-hand smoke. Unless urgent action is taken, the annual death toll could rise to more than eight million by 2030.
  • Nearly 80% of the world’s one billion smokers live in low- and middle-income countries.

Leading cause of death, illness and impoverishment

The tobacco epidemic is one of the biggest public health threats the world has ever faced, killing nearly six million people a year. More than five million of those deaths are the result of direct tobacco use while more than 600 000 are the result of non-smokers being exposed to second-hand smoke. Approximately one person dies every six seconds due to tobacco, accounting for one in 10 adult deaths. Up to half of current users will eventually die of a tobacco-related disease.

Nearly 80% of the more than one billion smokers worldwide live in low- and middle-income countries, where the burden of tobacco-related illness and death is heaviest.

Tobacco users who die prematurely deprive their families of income, raise the cost of health care and hinder economic development.

In some countries, children from poor households are frequently employed in tobacco farming to provide family income. These children are especially vulnerable to “green tobacco sickness”, which is caused by the nicotine that is absorbed through the skin from the handling of wet tobacco leaves.

Gradual killer

Because there is a lag of several years between when people start using tobacco and when their health suffers, the epidemic of tobacco-related disease and death has just begun.

Tobacco caused 100 million deaths in the 20th century. If current trends continue, it may cause one billion deaths in the 21st century.

Unchecked, tobacco-related deaths will increase to more than eight million per year by 2030. More than 80% of those deaths will be in low- and middle-income countries.

Surveillance is key

Good monitoring tracks the extent and character of the tobacco epidemic and indicates how best to tailor policies. Only one in four countries, representing just over a third of the world’s population, monitor tobacco use by repeating nationally representative youth and adult surveys at least once every five years.

Second-hand smoke kills

Second-hand smoke is the smoke that fills restaurants, offices or other enclosed spaces when people burn tobacco products such as cigarettes, bidis and water pipes. There are more than 4000 chemicals in tobacco smoke, of which at least 250 are known to be harmful and more than 50 are known to cause cancer.

There is no safe level of exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke.

  • In adults, second-hand smoke causes serious cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, including coronary heart disease and lung cancer. In infants, it causes sudden death. In pregnant women, it causes low birth weight.
  • Almost half of children regularly breathe air polluted by tobacco smoke in public places.
  • Over 40% of children have at least one smoking parent.
  • Second-hand smoke causes more than 600 000 premature deaths per year.
  • In 2004, children accounted for 28% of the deaths attributable to second-hand smoke.

Every person should be able to breathe tobacco-smoke-free air. Smoke-free laws protect the health of non-smokers, are popular, do not harm business and encourage smokers to quit.

Over 1 billion people, or 16% of the world’s population, are protected by comprehensive national smoke-free laws.

Tobacco users need help to quit

Studies show that few people understand the specific health risks of tobacco use. For example, a 2009 survey in China revealed that only 38% of smokers knew that smoking causes coronary heart disease and only 27% knew that it causes stroke.

Among smokers who are aware of the dangers of tobacco, most want to quit. Counselling and medication can more than double the chance that a smoker who tries to quit will succeed.

National comprehensive cessation services with full or partial cost-coverage are available to assist tobacco users to quit in only 21 countries, representing 15% of the world’s population.

There is no cessation assistance of any kind in one-quarter of low-income countries.

Picture warnings work

Hard-hitting anti-tobacco advertisements and graphic pack warnings – especially those that include pictures – reduce the number of children who begin smoking and increase the number of smokers who quit.

Graphic warnings can persuade smokers to protect the health of non-smokers by smoking less inside the home and avoiding smoking near children. Studies carried out after the implementation of pictorial package warnings in Brazil, Canada, Singapore and Thailand consistently show that pictorial warnings significantly increase people’s awareness of the harms of tobacco use.

Just 30 countries, representing 14% of the world’s population, meet the best practice for pictorial warnings, which includes the warnings in the local language and cover an average of at least half of the front and back of cigarette packs. Most of these countries are low- or middle-income countries.

Mass media campaigns can also reduce tobacco consumption, by influencing people to protect non-smokers and convincing youths to stop using tobacco.

Over half of the world’s population live in the 37 countries that have implemented at least one strong anti-tobacco mass media campaign within the last two years.

Ad bans lower consumption

Bans on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship can reduce tobacco consumption.

  • A comprehensive ban on all tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship could decrease tobacco consumption by an average of about 7%, with some countries experiencing a decline in consumption of up to 16%.
  • Only 24 countries, representing 10% of the world’s population, have completely banned all forms of tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship.
  • Around one country in three has minimal or no restrictions at all on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship.

Taxes discourage tobacco use

Tobacco taxes are the most cost-effective way to reduce tobacco use, especially among young people and poor people. . A tax increase that increases tobacco prices by 10% decreases tobacco consumption by about 4% in high-income countries and about 5% in low- and middle-income countries.

Even so, high tobacco taxes is a measure that is rarely used. Only 32 countries, less than 8% of the world’s population, have tobacco tax rates greater than 75% of the retail price. Tobacco tax revenues are on average 175 times higher than spending on tobacco control, based on available data.

WHO response

WHO is committed to fighting the global tobacco epidemic. The WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control entered into force in February 2005. Since then, it has become one of the most widely embraced treaties in the history of the United Nations with 178 Parties covering 89% of the world’s population. The WHO Framework Convention is WHO’s most important tobacco control tool and a milestone in the promotion of public health. It is an evidence-based treaty that reaffirms the right of people to the highest standard of health, provides legal dimensions for international health cooperation and sets high standards for compliance.

In 2008, WHO introduced a practical, cost-effective way to scale up implementation of provisions of the WHO Framework Convention on the ground: MPOWER. Each MPOWER measure corresponds to at least one provision of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.

The 6 MPOWER measures are:

  • Monitor tobacco use and prevention policies
  • Protect people from tobacco use
  • Offer help to quit tobacco use
  • Warn about the dangers of tobacco
  • Enforce bans on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship
  • Raise taxes on tobacco.

For more details on progress made for tobacco control at global, regional and country level, please refer to the series of WHO reports on the global tobacco epidemic….

 

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